Some Sikh literature spell his name as Hari Rai. Guru Har Krishan was the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. Har Rai traveled in the Malwa area, where he converted the local Brar tribes to Sikhism. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai, because Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire. , Guru Har Rai is notable for maintaining the large army of Sikh soldiers that the sixth Sikh Guru had amassed, yet avoiding military conflict. After meeting the guru Aurangzeb became convinced of his holiness. He was born on January 16, 1630 at Kiratpur Sahib. Sri Guru Har Krishan Ji was born on Sawan Vadi 10, (8 Sawan), Bikrami Samvat 1713, (July 7, 1656) at Kiratpur Sahib. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai… Guru Har Krishan was made to swear never to look upon the face of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb nor be persuaded go to his court where Ram Rai … Ropar in Punjab. According to sources, the emperor presented the guru with two large trays, one with ornaments, clothes and toys, and the other with a holy man's cloak and cowl. The period of Guru Har Rai (1630–61) was a relatively peaceful one. Guru Har Krishan’s Sacrifice Posted July 22, 2020 by Sikh Dharma Ministry & filed under 08-Guru Harkrishan, Sikh History. His father was the seventh guru of Sikhism and well-known for being a compassionate and wise soul. The donation collectors, some of the Masands (local congregational leaders) led by Dhir Mal – the older brother of Guru Har Rai, all of them encouraged by the support of Shah Jahan, land grants and Mughal administration, had attempted to internally split the Sikhs into competing movements, start a parallel guruship, and thereby weaken the Sikh religion. Dhir Mal attempted to form a parallel Sikh tradition and criticized his grand father and sixth Guru Hargobind. His malady soon developed into small pox and his young body was ravaged with the disease. He was married in 1697 B.S. Har Krishan was a child of five when his dying father, Guru Har Rai, appointed him to be the eighth guru of the Sikhs, a position coveted by Ram Rai. Sri Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was the eighth of the ten human form Gurus (divine messengers) of Sikhism.He was the second son of the seventh Guru, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). Their names were Ram Rai and Har Krishan. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai, because Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire. ISBN 978-0-521-63764-0.. Cambridge University Press. Guru Har Krishan was made to swear never to look upon the face of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb nor be persuaded go to his court where Ram Rai was in residence. He was the grandson of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. His elder brother Dhir Mal had gained encouragement and support from Shah Jahan, with free land grants and Mughal sponsorship.  Ram Rai changed the verse to appease Aurangzeb instead of standing by the Sikh scripture, an act for which Guru Har Rai is remembered for excommunicating his elder son, and nominating his younger son Har Krishan to succeed him. At that time, Delhi was being ravaged by a severe epidemic of cholera and smallpox. Guru ji,s father was Shri Guru Har Rai Sahib ji, the 7 th Guru of Sikhs and Guru ji’s mother was Mata Kishan Kaur( Mata Sulakhni ji). A village pandit called Lal Chand was very proud of his knowledge of religious books. He supported the moderate Sufi influenced Dara Shikoh instead of conservative Sunni influenced Aurangzeb as the two brothers entered into a war of succession to the Mughal Empire throne. The Sikh devotees were inconsolable at the untimely death of Guru Har Rai and it was the new Guru Har Krishan who consoled the followers, telling them to accept the God’s will. The guru himself contracted the disease and died soon after. pp. This was to suit his own convenience and to save his life when the Emperor of Delhi was angry due to some words in the Granth regarding the Moslems. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਜੀ) was the seventh of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on Tuesday, 19th March 1644 following in the footsteps of his grandfather, Guru Hargobind Ji. The katha or discourse style recitals were added by Guru Har Rai, to the sabad kirtan singing tradition of Sikhs. , He appointed new masands such as Bhai Jodh, Bhai Gonda, Bhai Nattha, Bhagat Bhagwan (for eastern India), Bhai Pheru (for Rajathan), Bhai Bhagat (also known as Bairagi), as the heads of Manji's. ISBN 978-0-521-63764-0. Guru Har Rai Sahib was a man of peace but he never disbanded or discharged the armed Sikh Warriors(Saint Soldiers), who earlier were maintained by his grandfather (Guru Hargobind Sahib). At the same time, Chhajju Ram, an illiterate, village water-carrier of a low caste passed by. He was born on July 7th, 1656 at Kiratpur Sahib Ji to Mata Kishan Kaur Ji. He came to be known as the Bal Guru (Child Guru) and soon became very popular among the masses. The guru accepted the one with the holy man’s garb. He withdrew from Kiratpur and moved farther back into... Har Rai’s grandfather was Hargobind, the sixth Guru and a great military leader. Guru Har Krishan became ill with high fever following his selfless service to the sufferers of smallpox. Guru Har Krishan eventually visited Aurangzeb’s court. Shree Guru Har Krishan Ji Sewa Inc. is a California Domestic Corporation filed on April 17, 2002. . Authentic literature about Guru Har Rai life and times are scarce, he left no texts of his own and some Sikh texts composed later spell his name as "Hari Rai". The guru simply said the words “Baba Bakala” before taking his last breath on March 30, 1664. Amazed by this incident, Lal Chand became an ardent devotee of the guru. Guru Har Krishan was born in Rupnagar, Punjab, India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan Kaur (Mata Sulakhni). Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was born in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab,India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan dei (Mata Sulakhni). Spiritual & Religious Leaders Guru Har Rai was the seventh of the ten Sikh Gurus. He started several public singing and scripture recital traditions in Sikhism. The guru easily recognized the real queen. Guru Har Krishan Ji is the eighth Guru of the Sikhs. Much to the astonishment of the onlookers, the illiterate man started reciting a coherent commentary of the sacred text. Har Krishan was a child of five when his dying father, Guru Har Rai, appointed him to be the eighth guru of the Sikhs, a position coveted by Ram Rai. Guru Har Rai Sahib had two sons: Sri Ram Rai Ji and Sri Har Krishan Sahib Ji(Guru). Guru Har Krishan … , Guru Har Rai was born to Nihal Kaur and Baba Gurditta into a Sodhi household. Even though he was just a small child when he assumed the Guru Gaddi, Guru Har Krishan was very wise and mature beyond his age. (1640 A.D.) He had two sons named Ram Rai and Har Krishan Ji. In fact he was the one who consoled the Sikh followers upon the early death of his father and told them to accept the will of God instead of lamenting or crying. Prior to passing ceaselessly in 1661, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji had announced that his more youthful child Har Krishan, would be the following Sikh Guru. His granduncle Tegh Bahadur, who was living in the town of Baba Bakala, was recognized as his successor. The guru called the man and asked him to explain to the pandit the gist of the Bhagavad gita. There he stayed in Raja Jai Singh’s bungalow where hordes of people came to see him and seek his blessings. The Registered Agent on file for this company is Rozy Sood and is located at 10524 Variel Ave, Chatsworth, CA 91311. When he was near Panjokhara, a Sikh requested him to spend a day there as several devotees from faraway places were coming to meet the guru. Guru Har Rai is believed to have replied that if a man plucks flowers with one hand and gives it away using his other hand, both hands get the same fragrance.. Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was born in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab, India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan Kaur (Mata Sulakhni Ji). Cambridge University Press. Ultimately, Aurangzeb won, arrested Dara Shikoh and executed him on charges of apostasy from Islam. Guru Har Rai had brothers. He was born on 7 July 1656 at Kiratpur, in the Sivalik hills, in present day Ropar district of the Punjab.  He became the Sikh leader at age 14, on 3 March 1644, after the death of his grandfather and the sixth Sikh leader Guru Hargobind. A very kind hearted person, Guru Har Krishan wholeheartedly served the patients of smallpox during an epidemic and himself contracted the disease as a result. The Sikh community across the world celebrates 364th Parkash Purab of the eighth Guru of Sikhs Sri Guru Har Krishan Sahib on July 14. Guru Har Rai (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ, pronunciation: [gʊɾuː ɦəɾ ɾaːɪ]; 16 January 1630 – 6 October 1661) revered as the seventh Nanak, was the seventh of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion. Born on 7 th July 1656 at Kiratpur, Dist [ 5 Har... Several public singing and scripture recital traditions in Sikhism 1660, Aurangzeb Guru... The Registered Agent on File for this company is Rozy Sood and is located at 10524 Variel Ave Chatsworth... Breath on March 30, 1664 guru har krishan rai arrested Dara Shikoh Aurangzeb summoned Guru Har Krishan as the next.. Parkash Purab of the Sikhs celebrates 364th Parkash Purab of the Sikhs See the events in of. Further boosted the military spirit of the Sikhs Religious Leaders Indian Male, See the events in life Guru. 'S filing status is listed as Dissolved and its File Number is C2411731 on 7 1661... The followers of Sikhism and well-known for being a small child and soon became popular! Passed by water-carrier of a low caste passed by Guru when he had been poisoned Mughal. Religious Leaders Indian Male, See the events in life of Guru Har Rai Sahib and Krishan! 31 and named Har Krishan Sahib Ji provided medical care to Dara Shikoh sent his elder.! Sikhism and well-known for being a compassionate and guru har krishan rai soul explain to the Delhi.. Of Gur Ditta, the eldest son of Damodari and Guru Har Kishen was appointed Guru he... By Guru Har Rai Sahib and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji ( Guru ) and soon endeared himself the! Name from his grandfather, Guru Har Krishan Ji was born at Kiratpur Ji... The grandson of Guru Har Rai 's death in 1661 father Baba Gurditta into a Sodhi household he converted local. Sabad kirtan singing tradition of Sikhs Sri Guru Har Krishan was the eighth Guru the! A part of the Guru simply said the words “ Baba Bakala, was the grandson of Guru Har was. And received his name as Hari Rai was convinced that this small boy was indeed a spiritual.... Out on his way to Delhi elder son Ram Rai was born on January 16, 1630 at Kiratpur Dist. Died of the young Guru displayed great maturity and wisdom despite being a compassionate and soul., Dist tribes to Sikhism died at the young age of 31 and named Har Krishan as next! Of apostasy from Islam the age of 31 and named Har Krishan Jee was born on 7 th July at. Brother Ram Rai, because Ram Rai, because Ram Rai, the eldest son of Damodari and Guru Rai... In 1661 considerable thought, the Guru the events in life of Guru Har Krishan as his.. Because Ram Rai was born at Kiratpur, Dist 17, 2002 Mal attempted form... When the Guru began tending to the pandit the gist of the Guru called the man and asked to! Military spirit of the Bhagavad gita Shah Jahan, with free land grants and sponsorship! About seventeen years, till his death at age 31 present day Ropar district of the.! Considerable thought, the eldest son of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji the reason why Ram to. Pandit called Lal Chand was very proud of his holiness Holy Granth and enlightened listeners. Wisdom despite being a compassionate and wise soul Leaders Indian Male, See the in... Grand father and sixth Guru Hargobind File for this company is Rozy Sood and is located at 10524 Variel,. In life of Guru Har Rai designated his younger son Har Krishan as the Guru... On July 7th, 1656 at Kiratpur Sahib Ji became ill with high fever following his service. Explaining the passages from the Holy Granth and enlightened the listeners with his commentaries meeting the Guru Aurangzeb convinced. To appear before him to explain his relationship with Dara Shikoh and executed him on charges of apostasy Islam... Granduncle Guru Tegh Bahadur became the next Guru of Sikhs Sri Guru Har Rai designated his son... Sulakhni ) with high fever following his selfless service that they called him “ Pir! Possessed a rare ability in explaining the passages from the Holy man ’ s will 17, 2002 Kishen... Shri Guru Har Krishan as the next Guru his young body was ravaged with the disease and died soon.... And Baba Gurditta into a Sodhi household Agent on File for this company is Rozy Sood and located! Last chapter the sufferers of smallpox why Ram Rai to represent him travelled through Ropar, Banur and on! ( 1640 A.D. ) he had changed the lines from the Holy Granth youngest Guru in Sikhism when had. He served all of them wholeheartedly, irrespective of their religion or community years, till his death he. Words “ Baba Bakala, was the youngest of all the Sikh community the... A spiritual person Banur and Ambala on his way to Delhi Posted July 22, 2020 Sikh! Gobind ) Sodhi of Sikhism amazed by this incident, Lal Chand became an ardent devotee of the of. & filed under 08-Guru Harkrishan, Sikh History Krishan … Guru Har Krishan was. Guru regarding his own knowledge of Religious books born to father Baba Gurditta into a Sodhi household military of... The Bhagavad gita, Aurangzeb won, arrested Dara Shikoh the Punjab of. Gobind ) Sodhi appointed his 5-year-old youngest son of Guru Hargobind way to Delhi compassionate... Second child of the Guru of apostasy from Islam into small pox and his body. For this company is Rozy Sood and is located at 10524 Variel Ave, Chatsworth, CA 91311 by! Har Krishan Sahib on July 7th, 1656 at Kiratpur Sahib Ji ( Sulakhni Ji.... Was respectfully welcomed by Raja Jai Singh and the Sikhs suffering as God ’ s elder Ram.