[2] Some Sikh literature spell his name as Hari Rai. Guru Har Krishan was the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. Har Rai traveled in the Malwa area, where he converted the local Brar tribes to Sikhism. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai, because Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire. [3][4], Guru Har Rai is notable for maintaining the large army of Sikh soldiers that the sixth Sikh Guru had amassed, yet avoiding military conflict. After meeting the guru Aurangzeb became convinced of his holiness. He was born on January 16, 1630 at Kiratpur Sahib. Sri Guru Har Krishan Ji was born on Sawan Vadi 10, (8 Sawan), Bikrami Samvat 1713, (July 7, 1656) at Kiratpur Sahib. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai… Guru Har Krishan was made to swear never to look upon the face of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb nor be persuaded go to his court where Ram Rai … Ropar in Punjab. According to sources, the emperor presented the guru with two large trays, one with ornaments, clothes and toys, and the other with a holy man's cloak and cowl. The period of Guru Har Rai (1630–61) was a relatively peaceful one. Guru Har Krishan’s Sacrifice Posted July 22, 2020 by Sikh Dharma Ministry & filed under 08-Guru Harkrishan, Sikh History. His father was the seventh guru of Sikhism and well-known for being a compassionate and wise soul. The donation collectors, some of the Masands (local congregational leaders) led by Dhir Mal – the older brother of Guru Har Rai, all of them encouraged by the support of Shah Jahan, land grants and Mughal administration, had attempted to internally split the Sikhs into competing movements, start a parallel guruship, and thereby weaken the Sikh religion. Dhir Mal attempted to form a parallel Sikh tradition and criticized his grand father and sixth Guru Hargobind. His malady soon developed into small pox and his young body was ravaged with the disease. He was married in 1697 B.S. Har Krishan was a child of five when his dying father, Guru Har Rai, appointed him to be the eighth guru of the Sikhs, a position coveted by Ram Rai. Sri Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was the eighth of the ten human form Gurus (divine messengers) of Sikhism.He was the second son of the seventh Guru, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). Their names were Ram Rai and Har Krishan. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai, because Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire. ISBN 978-0-521-63764-0.. Cambridge University Press. Guru Har Krishan was made to swear never to look upon the face of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb nor be persuaded go to his court where Ram Rai was in residence. He was the grandson of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. His elder brother Dhir Mal had gained encouragement and support from Shah Jahan, with free land grants and Mughal sponsorship. [2][4] Ram Rai changed the verse to appease Aurangzeb instead of standing by the Sikh scripture, an act for which Guru Har Rai is remembered for excommunicating his elder son, and nominating his younger son Har Krishan to succeed him. At that time, Delhi was being ravaged by a severe epidemic of cholera and smallpox. Guru ji,s father was Shri Guru Har Rai Sahib ji, the 7 th Guru of Sikhs and Guru ji’s mother was Mata Kishan Kaur( Mata Sulakhni ji). A village pandit called Lal Chand was very proud of his knowledge of religious books. He supported the moderate Sufi influenced Dara Shikoh instead of conservative Sunni influenced Aurangzeb as the two brothers entered into a war of succession to the Mughal Empire throne. The Sikh devotees were inconsolable at the untimely death of Guru Har Rai and it was the new Guru Har Krishan who consoled the followers, telling them to accept the God’s will. The guru himself contracted the disease and died soon after. pp. This was to suit his own convenience and to save his life when the Emperor of Delhi was angry due to some words in the Granth regarding the Moslems. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਜੀ) was the seventh of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on Tuesday, 19th March 1644 following in the footsteps of his grandfather, Guru Hargobind Ji. The katha or discourse style recitals were added by Guru Har Rai, to the sabad kirtan singing tradition of Sikhs. [14][15], He appointed new masands such as Bhai Jodh, Bhai Gonda, Bhai Nattha, Bhagat Bhagwan (for eastern India), Bhai Pheru (for Rajathan), Bhai Bhagat (also known as Bairagi), as the heads of Manji's. ISBN 978-0-521-63764-0. Guru Har Rai Sahib was a man of peace but he never disbanded or discharged the armed Sikh Warriors(Saint Soldiers), who earlier were maintained by his grandfather (Guru Hargobind Sahib). At the same time, Chhajju Ram, an illiterate, village water-carrier of a low caste passed by. He was born on July 7th, 1656 at Kiratpur Sahib Ji to Mata Kishan Kaur Ji. He came to be known as the Bal Guru (Child Guru) and soon became very popular among the masses. The guru accepted the one with the holy man’s garb. He withdrew from Kiratpur and moved farther back into... Har Rai’s grandfather was Hargobind, the sixth Guru and a great military leader. Guru Har Krishan became ill with high fever following his selfless service to the sufferers of smallpox. Guru Har Krishan eventually visited Aurangzeb’s court. Shree Guru Har Krishan Ji Sewa Inc. is a California Domestic Corporation filed on April 17, 2002. . Authentic literature about Guru Har Rai life and times are scarce, he left no texts of his own and some Sikh texts composed later spell his name as "Hari Rai". The guru simply said the words “Baba Bakala” before taking his last breath on March 30, 1664. Amazed by this incident, Lal Chand became an ardent devotee of the guru. Guru Har Krishan was born in Rupnagar, Punjab, India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan Kaur (Mata Sulakhni). Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was born in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab,India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan dei (Mata Sulakhni). Spiritual & Religious Leaders Guru Har Rai was the seventh of the ten Sikh Gurus. He started several public singing and scripture recital traditions in Sikhism. The guru easily recognized the real queen. Guru Har Krishan Ji is the eighth Guru of the Sikhs. Much to the astonishment of the onlookers, the illiterate man started reciting a coherent commentary of the sacred text. Har Krishan was a child of five when his dying father, Guru Har Rai, appointed him to be the eighth guru of the Sikhs, a position coveted by Ram Rai. Guru Har Rai Sahib had two sons: Sri Ram Rai Ji and Sri Har Krishan Sahib Ji(Guru). Guru Har Krishan … [6], Guru Har Rai was born to Nihal Kaur and Baba Gurditta into a Sodhi household. Even though he was just a small child when he assumed the Guru Gaddi, Guru Har Krishan was very wise and mature beyond his age. (1640 A.D.) He had two sons named Ram Rai and Har Krishan Ji. In fact he was the one who consoled the Sikh followers upon the early death of his father and told them to accept the will of God instead of lamenting or crying. Prior to passing ceaselessly in 1661, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji had announced that his more youthful child Har Krishan, would be the following Sikh Guru. His granduncle Tegh Bahadur, who was living in the town of Baba Bakala, was recognized as his successor. The guru called the man and asked him to explain to the pandit the gist of the Bhagavad gita. There he stayed in Raja Jai Singh’s bungalow where hordes of people came to see him and seek his blessings. The Registered Agent on file for this company is Rozy Sood and is located at 10524 Variel Ave, Chatsworth, CA 91311. When he was near Panjokhara, a Sikh requested him to spend a day there as several devotees from faraway places were coming to meet the guru. Guru Har Rai is believed to have replied that if a man plucks flowers with one hand and gives it away using his other hand, both hands get the same fragrance.[10]. Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was born in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab, India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan Kaur (Mata Sulakhni Ji). Cambridge University Press. Ultimately, Aurangzeb won, arrested Dara Shikoh and executed him on charges of apostasy from Islam. Guru Har Rai had brothers. He was born on 7 July 1656 at Kiratpur, in the Sivalik hills, in present day Ropar district of the Punjab. [2] He became the Sikh leader at age 14, on 3 March 1644, after the death of his grandfather and the sixth Sikh leader Guru Hargobind. A very kind hearted person, Guru Har Krishan wholeheartedly served the patients of smallpox during an epidemic and himself contracted the disease as a result. The Sikh community across the world celebrates 364th Parkash Purab of the eighth Guru of Sikhs Sri Guru Har Krishan Sahib on July 14. Guru Har Rai (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ, pronunciation: [gʊɾuː ɦəɾ ɾaːɪ]; 16 January 1630 – 6 October 1661)[1] revered as the seventh Nanak, was the seventh of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion. Born on 7 th July 1656 at Kiratpur, Dist [ 5 Har... Several public singing and scripture recital traditions in Sikhism 1660, Aurangzeb Guru... The Registered Agent on File for this company is Rozy Sood and is located at 10524 Variel Ave Chatsworth... 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