Thanjavur is administered by a municipal corporation covering an area of 128.02 km2 (49.43 sq mi) and had a population of 290,720 in 2011.  The Saraswati Mahal Library which dates back to the end of the 16th century and the Central Library, managed by the district administration are the two most prominent libraries in the city.  When most of the Thanjavur Maratha kingdom was annexed by the British Empire in 1799, the Thanjavur Marathas continued to hold sway over the palace and the surrounding fort. One of the earliest art forms (dating back to the 12th century) from Orissa, Pattachitra literally translates to ‘cloth (canvas) picture’: ‘Patta’ – cloth and ‘Chitra’ – picture. The major occupation of the inhabitants of the city is tourism and service-oriented industry, while the traditional occupation is agriculture. The artists used precious stones and threads to make paintings look better. The region around present day Thanjavur was conquered by the Mutharayars during the sixth century, who ruled it up to 849. It was created as a people's park by the Tanjore municipality in 1871–72.  The average temperatures range from 81 °F (27 °C) in January to 97 °F (36 °C) in May and June. There are daily express trains to Chennai, Mysuru, Ernakulam, Thrissur, Palakkad, Coimbatore, Erode, Tiruppur, Tiruchirapalli, Salem, Karur, Madurai, Tirunelveli, Rameswaram, Tiruchendur, Cuddalore, Dharmapuri, Viluppuram, Chengalpattu, Mannargudi, Bengaluru, Dindigul, Pudukkottai, Karaikudi, Sivagangai, Manamadurai and weekly trains to Pondicherry, Nagercoil, Kanyakumari, Tirupati, Nellore, Itarsi, Visakhapatnam, Hubli, Vasco da Gama, Goa, Vijayawada, Chandrapur, Nagpur, Jabalpur, Satna, Katni, Allahabad, Varanasi, Jaunpur, Ayodhya, and Bhubaneswar.  With the expansion of the city area, the opportunities for agriculture is limited and only 7% of the population is involved in it. , All major nationalised banks such as State Bank of India, Indian Bank, Central Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, Indian Overseas Bank and private banks like ICICI Bank, City Union Bank have their branches in Thanjavur. During the second invasion, the Chola king Rajaraja III (1216–56) was exiled and he sought the help of the Hoysala king Vira Narasimha II (1220–35) to regain Thanjavur. Thanjavur (Tamil: [taɲdʑaːʋuːɾ]), formerly Tanjore, is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. , According to 2011 census, Thanjavur had a population of 222,943 with a sex-ratio of 1,042 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. The average literacy of the city was 83.14%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. , Electricity supply to Thanjavur is regulated and distributed by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB).  However, the establishment and activation of air base has been delayed as of March 2013. The legislative body is headed by an elected Chairperson assisted by a Deputy Chairperson. Kovil Venni, situated 15 miles (24 km) to the east of the city, was the site of the Battle of Venni between the Chola king Karikala and a confederacy of the Cheras and the Pandyas. Though agriculture is the main economic activity, only 7% of the population is involved in it. Tanjore style painting from the late 19 th century showing the ten Sikh, Gururs, Bhai Bala, and Bhai Mardana; Sumer, the Standard of Ur, about 2600-2400 B.C.E.  The total rice production has been maintained at 10.615 L.M.T and 7.077 L.M.T. Thanjavur (Tanjore) paintings are an ancient art form that flourished in the South Indian town of Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu between the 16th and 18th centuries.  The Thanjavur Medical College was established in 1961 and is one of the oldest medical colleges in Tamil Nadu. These pieces were usually painted for Jain and Buddhist merchants, who would carry them on their travels across the Indian sub-continent between the 10th and 12th centuries. add to enquiry cart-added-remove. Summer rains are sparse and the first monsoon, the South-West monsoon, commences in June and continues till September. , This article is about the municipal corporation in Tamil Nadu, India.  An integrated bus terminus, called New Bus stand was constructed in 1997 near Raja Serfoji College to handle the passenger traffic. An approximate time-scale of Thanjavur rulers. TOP REVIEWS. St. Antony's Higher Secondary School, established in 1885 by the Diocese of Thanjavur, is one of the oldest schools in Thanjavur district. Generally made as miniatures either as book illustrations or as single works, Mughal painting evolved from the Persian school of miniature painting with Hindu, Buddhist and Jain influences. Deva Raya's inscription dated 1443, Thirumala's inscription dated 1455 and Achuta Deva's land grants dated 1532 and 1539 attest Vijayanagar's dominance over Thanjavur. Lord Jagannath, who is believed to be an incarnation of Lord Krishna, is usually the main theme of pattachitra. Thanjavur is known as the "Rice bowl of Tamil Nadu". All these departments are under the control of a Municipal Commissioner who is the supreme executive head. , On 10 April 2013, the state government announced in the Assembly that Thanjavur municipality will be upgraded to a Municipal corporation. There is a lot of agricultural related trading that forms the key economic activity in the city.  Thanjavur City Corporation is likely to have an area of 110.27 km2 (42.58 sq mi) of area, with a population of 3,20,828 and an income of ₹411.8 million (US$5.8 million). , Thanjavur was successfully conquered in 1674 by Ekoji I (1675–84), the Maratha feudatory of the sultan of Bijapur and half-brother of Shivaji (1627/30-80) of the Bhonsle dynasty. It is the only one of its kind for the Tamil language doing higher research in Tamilology and advanced study in various allied branches like linguistics, translation, lexicography, music, drama and manuscriptology.  From the 1977 elections, the assembly seat was won by Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) six times during the 1977, 1980, 1989, 1996, 2001 and 2006 elections, the Indian National Congress party once during the 1984 elections and the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) twice during the 1991 and 2011 elections. Telugu, Thanjavur Marathi and Saurashtra are other languages spoken in the city.  His son Aditya I (871–901) consolidated the hold over the city. add to enquiry cart-added-remove. The city is connected with Nagapattinam, Thiruvarur, Chennai, Coimbatore, Erode, Karur, Tirupur, Vellore, Perambalur, Ariyalur, Mysuru, Salem, Cuddalore, Viluppuram, Tiruchirappalli, Madurai, Kumbakonam, Mayiladuthurai, Karaikal, Mannargudi, Thiruthuraipoondi, Vedaranyam, Pattukkottai, Dindigul, Oddanchatram, Palani, Pudukkottai, Karaikudi, Tirunelveli, Bengaluru, Ernakulam, Nagercoil, Tirupathi, Trivandrum and Ooty through regular bus services. Madhubani painting is famous in Bihar state. The foremost among these, the Brihadeeswara Temple, is located in the centre of the city.  Vijayalaya conquered Thanjavur from the Mutharayar king Elango Mutharayar and built a temple dedicated to Hindu goddess Nisumbhasudani.  The workforce is predominantly involved in service industry involving trade and commerce.  The temple was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. LPTN0005 Tanjore Painting - New 120X18X150CM. There are three seasons for agriculture in Thanjavur – Kuruvai (June to September), Samba (August to January) and Thaladi (September, October to February, March). The Thanjavur district level police administration is headed by a Deputy Inspector General of Police, whose office is located in the city. The southern side of the third quadrangle of the palace has a 190 ft (58 m) tower-like building, called the Goodagopuram. details. Thanjavur is believed to have been conquered by Kampanna Udayar during his invasion of Srirangam between 1365 and 1371. Know what others have to say about the colleges you are searching. Top Courses at Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya Indore, Madhya Pradesh are M.Sc, PG Diploma in … A small village by the name of Raghurajpur, in Orissa, is a haven of Pattachitra even today, with every family having at least one member of the family involved in the arts.  Thanjavur painting is a major form of classical South Indian painting from Thanjavur. The city acts as a focal point for food grains transported from the adjoining areas of the Cauvery Delta.  The onset of summer is from March, with the mercury reaching its peak by the end of May and June. After Independence, the Father of Khadi, Martand Singh “Mapu”, discovered this gem and showcased it on a global scale. There were 200 silk weaving units in the city in 1991 with around 80,000 people working in them.  The Sivaganga Park is situated to the east of the Brihadeeswarar Temple and encompasses the Sivaganga Tank believed to have been built by the king Raja Raja Chola. NH-136: Thanjavur - Ariyalur - Perambalur. It has been a part of independent India since 1947. The earliest miniature paintings in India were found on palm leaves.  As per the religious census of 2011, Thanjavur (M) had 82.87% Hindus, 8.34% Muslims, 8.58% Christians, 0.01% Sikhs, 0.01% Buddhists, 0.06% Jains, 0.11% following other religions and 0.01% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference. , The railway line connecting Tiruchirappalli Junction railway station to Chennai Egmore via Thanjavur, the Main Line is a historical line established by South Indian Railway Company in 1879. Thanjavur is situated in the Cauvery delta, at a distance of 314 km (195 mi) south-west of Chennai and 56 km (35 mi) east of Tiruchirappalli.  The city produces bell metal craft like Thanjavur metal plates, bronze images bowls, napkins and powder boxes made of copper and bronze. This art form usually depicts pictures of the tribal daily life and various forms of nature such as the sun, moon, and rain accompanied by a characteristic absence of any mythological or religious figures. Thanjavur has a well-maintained sub-urban public transport system.  Sevappa Nayak (1532–80), the Vijayanagar viceroy of Arcot, established himself as an independent monarch in 1532 (1549, according to some sources) and founded the Thanjavur Nayak kingdom. NH-36: Manamadurai - Sivaganga - Pudhukottai - Thanjavur - Kumbakonam - Panruti - Vikravandi. , There are 37 hospitals and seven clinical labs in Thanjavur that take care of the health care needs of the citizens.  Over eighty per cent of its manuscripts are in Sanskrit and many of them are on palm leaves.  The underground drainage system covers 70% of the city and the remaining sewerage system for disposal of sullage is through septic tanks, open drains and public conveniences. Tanjore was upgraded to a second grade municipality in 1933 and first grade in 1943.  The average rainfall is 37 inches (940 mm), most of which is contributed by the North-East monsoon. All information about the exams that will get you into your dream college. Aripana, an art form of Rangoli is practised in Bihar.  Carnatic music was codified in Thanjavur and the art flourished during the Nayak rule in the 16th century.  Achuthappa Nayak (1560–1614), Raghunatha Nayak (1600–34) and Vijaya Raghava Nayak (1634–73) are some of the important rulers of the Nayak dynasty who ruled Thanjavur. , Schwartz Church, a historic monument located in the palace garden, was built in 1779 by Serfoji II as a token of affection for Rev. , Thanjavur is an important centre of silk weaving in Tamil Nadu. a As of 2008, the municipality covers an area of 36.33 km2 (14.03 sq mi) and has a total of 51 members. Most of the idols present in the gallery were collected from various temples in the Thanjavur district. Ekoji founded the Thanjavur Maratha kingdom which ruled Thanjavur till 1855. The Maratha rulers patronized Carnatic music. The coverage of solid waste management had an efficiency of 100% as of 2001.  Five years after its annexation, the British replaced Negapatam (modern-day Nagapattinam) with Thanjavur as the seat of the district administration. In modern times, these paintings have become souvenirs of festive occasions in South India, wall decors, and collectors' items for art lovers.. Sangeetham is an ensemble of musical sounds, called swaras, which give melody and pleasant feeling to one's ears.  "Sangeetha Mahal" has a permanent handicrafts exhibition centre. These paintings evolved during the rule of various Mughal Emperors in India. , Thanjavur is also a part of the Thanjavur Lok Sabha constituency and elects a member to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India, once every five years. A standard thangka painting in Norbulingka, which is about 18 x 12 inches, takes an artist about six weeks to complete. The functions of the municipality are devolved into six departments: General, Engineering, Revenue, Public Health, Town planning and the Computer Wing. 101 classical Kathakali stories are in traditional Kathakali dance; Kathakali dance is a combination of 5 elements of fine art. The municipality of Tanjore was created in 1866 as a third grade municipality as per Town Improvements Act 1865 and initially consisted of 12 members. , Thanjavur is located at 10°48′N 79°09′E / 10.8°N 79.15°E / 10.8; 79.15 The tributaries of river Cauvery, namely, the Grand Anaicut canal (Pudhaaru), Vadavaaru and Vennaaru rivers flow through the city. , There are no references to Thanjavur in any of the Sangam period (third century BC to fourth century AD) Tamil records, though some scholars believe that the city has existed since that time. C F Schwartz during 1784.  There are five museums in the city, namely: Archeological Museum, Tamil University Museum located with the Tamil University premises, the Saraswathi Mahal Library Museum located inside the Saraswathi Mahal, Nayak Durbar Hall Art Museum and Rajaraja Chola Museum.  The most visited monument in Thanjavur is the Brihadeeswarar Temple, whose construction, the historian Percy Brown described as "a landmark in the evolution of building art in South India". Hindu art represents a plurality of beliefs and has deeply influenced the painting, sculpture, and architecture of the Indian subcontinent. You can also go for curtains which is a mandatory Diwali door decoration items to have in place, this festive season.  South Zone Culture Centre in Thanjavur is one of the regional cultural centres established by the Government of India to preserve and promote cultural heritage of India. 25 ], Thanjavur was conquered by the Mutharayars during the South-West monsoon, commences in June continues! 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