I agree the English translations are confusing (of the LXX as well as of the MT). [By 'levites'] is meant those that associated themselves15 with them. And they cleaved the wood of the cart and offered up the cows for a burnt-offering unto Yahweh. I’m a little familiar with the documentary hypothesis and all the J P stuff. I grew up in a Christian School/and Home, and I remember seeing some of the textual differences you elucidate here–and I often felt as if I was the only person…, #219. The Book of Chronicles shows that after the return this program was not put into practice. 8AT THAT TIME YAHWEH SET APART THE TRIBE OF LEVI to carry the ark of the covenant of Yahweh, to stand before Yahweh to minister to him, and to bless in his name, to this day. Through it one is able to begin to make sense of the disjointedness of a large portion of the Old Testament. Our immediate question should not be why did Yahweh do this, as if a scribe were recording an historical event. The Levites served the people, the Zadokites served Yahweh. This also contradicts Deuteronomy’s stance where Yahweh is used as a mouthpiece to legitimate all Levites as his priests. You have a distinction in Torah of High priests or singular Kohen and plural koheniym as the descendents of Aaron. You along with Bart Ehrman, Craig Allerts “A High View of Scripture”, and Friedman’s “Who Wrote The Bible”, have given me great insight on how and why the Bible came to be what it is. This is how the JPS Tanakh translates it, as well as how Rashi explains it (in English translation): [And you shall come to] the Levitic kohanim: i.e., the kohanim, who Steven, your essays are very readable, very cogent and I will spend time carefully reading them. What have we left out here? This is contradictory to Deuteronomy’s position on the Levites and a contradiction I haven’t yet written up. Does Jacob name Bethel before he leaves Canaan OR on his return? The conflicts between the Zadokites and other Levites were resolved with the Zadokites coming out on top. Dr. DiMattei, first off I want to say thank you for this blog. I look forward to engaging with you as you continue in your…, This site is amazing. . . And were counted, the Levites, from age thirty year[s] and upward [ומעלה, VahMah`eLaH], and was [the] count to their skulls, to braves, thirty and eight thousand. Until a few weeks ago, I didn’t know ANYTHING about the P and J stuff or the interpretive frameworks. Did the disciples, the priests ,David with his men, and Yeshua (Jesus) sin by transgressing the Torah? Is it at Penuel OR Bethel that El (Shaddai) changes Jacob’s name to Israel? Malachi is another post-exilic text that needs to be accounted for. Contradiction #221. What is the meaning of the phrase “the priests the Levites” (הַכֹּהֲנִים הַלְוִיִּם)? Thanks for this resource. Whether they read "the priests the Levites" or "the priests, the Levites", though, I think the right understanding is something like, "the priests, [that is] the Levites, ...". (Ex 25:15 vs Num 4:6), #290. “And Yahweh’s anger was kindled against Uzzah and he smote him there and he died.”. The “covenant of Levi” could refer to almost any family of the priesthood: Levites in general, Aaronids, Zadokites. There are of course some chronological inconsistencies in the text. For we are told over and over again that Aaron and his sons, only, must enter the Tent of Meeting, dissemble its sacred equipment, and wrap the holy objects in several cloth coverings, and then attach the poles by which means the holy objects are to be transported. (Num 22:20 vs Num 22:22), #192. The Old View 2. He smote 50,070 men of the people, and the people mourned because Yahweh had smitten them with a great slaughter (1 Sam 6:13-15, 19). The priests of Israel were a group of qualified men from within the tribe of the Levites who had responsibility over aspects of tabernacle or temple worship. PRIESTS AND LEVITES (kohen, "priest"; nothing is definitely known as to the origin of the word; Lewi, "Levite," on which see LEVI): I. The Levites, the priests of the Yahweh cult, came to dominate the south (Judah); while the Aaronites, the priests of the bull or Adad cult,2 attained a like dominance in the north (Israel).3 With the con-quest of Israel by Judah in the time of David there was a temporary eclipse of the bull cult and its Aaronite priesthood when Yahwism was made the official religion of the united state. Is there a way to make money off this site or can you afford to give so much of your time? (Num 13:30 [J] vs Num 14:6-9 [P]), #31. That is why the Levites have received no hereditary portion along with their kinsmen: the Lord is their portion, as the Lord your God spoke concerning them (JPS). [By 'levites'] is meant those that associated themselves 15 with them. Thanks . 9 “And you shall come to the priests, the Levites, and to the judge there in those days, and inquire of them; they shall pronounce upon you the sentence of judgment. I think its one of the best and most informative web pages about the topics of the historicity of the Bible and the documentary analysis! This is not literature written under “divine-inspiration” intended for readers living 3,000 years later in a radically different, and contradictory, geography, worldview, culture, belief system, political reality, etc, but rather literature that was inspired by specific human ideological agendas and aimed at specific rivalries in the author’s own ancient historical context. I believe that הַלְוִיִּם is in adjectival form, so that the phrase translated in English would be something like "Levitical priests". The Levites 2. Where does it say the levites were set apart the second year after coming from out egypt?its not in numbers 1:1 ,I can’t find it. I’m an ex-evangelical Christian, who took my commitment very seriously and read and studied the book that was the basis of my faith. How unusual is a Vice President presiding over their own replacement in the Senate? Examination of the inconsistencies from a scholar himself brings it to a whole new level. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. Aaronids vs Levites. . • in D, our author disassociates these events from the appointment of the Levites, and rather has them appointed in the wilderness after Aaron’s death. • in P, the Aaronids (Aaron and his sons) are appointed and anointed at Sinai as sole priests, and the Levites demoted (if D is indeed prior to P, which I take as the case; supported by Ez 44:10-11, where the Levites are also demoted) to being mere servants of the Aaronids, and these events happen at Sinai (Ex 40 & Lev 8 on 1/1/2, and Num 3-4 on 2/1/2, according to P’s chronology)—your contradiction: Deut 10:6-8 vs Num 4. Does paying down the principal change monthly payments? The Priestly writer’s reworking of the Yahwist material of Genesis 1-11, Being Honest to the Bible’s Texts, Their Authors, and Their Beliefs, Brief Interview with Wipf & Stock about my, Defending the Biblical Texts: What It Entails and Why Secularists Ought to Care. When the Temple was rebuilt, Zadokites again became its leaders. I’ve been looking for someone with the scholarly acumen that you possess for sometime and it is proving itself successful in my continuing education. What transpires on the day Moses sets up and anoints the Tabernacle: Aaron and his sons are anointed as Yahweh’s priests and shut in the Tent of Meeting for a 7 day ordination OR Israel’s 12 chieftains present sacrificial offerings to Yahweh, 1 a day for the following 12 days? And the cart [upon which the ark was placed] came into the field of Joshua the Beth-shemite and stood there, where there was a great stone. Contradiction #221. Numbers 9 for example is set on the 1st month of the 2nd year. And then and only then are the Levites allowed to carry the objects (Num 4:5-15). Thanks . After king David's time the two sons of Zadok produced twenty four sons. Indeed, but not, never, touch, on penalty of death from Yahweh! I mean what the different sources were up to is presented nicely. My knowledge about the history of the Old Testament, its compilation have increased much after coming to your site. Identified verse by verse and explained using the most up-to-date scholarly information about the Bible, its texts, and the men who wrote them — by Dr. Steven DiMattei. Other English versison translate it as “the priests the Levites” (no comma; ASV, KJV) and “the Levitical priests” (NET, NIV, NLT). κριτήν, ὃς ἂν γένηται ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις ἐκείναις, καὶ ἐκζητήσαντες Since the Levites traced their lineage back to Moses, and the Aaronids back to Aaron, it was only natural, or polemically suitable, that the Aaronid priests who rewrote these earlier traditions presented, wherever possible, an Aaron who superseded Moses. Answer: The Levites were the tribe of Israelites descended from Levi, one of the twelve sons of Jacob. In this interpretation, the phrase “the priests . The Levites guarded the sanctuary, the Zadokites entered it. Yes it is: “on the 1st day of the 2nd month in the 2nd year of their exodus from the land of Egypt. Indeed in the Priestly source all non-Aaronid Levites cannot touch, even gaze upon, Yahweh’s holy sacra and Shrine; but in the pro-Levitical source of Samuel for example, where all Levites are priests, it is the common folk—all non-Levite Israelites—who cannot touch nor gaze upon Yahweh’s holy objects on penalty of death. I’ve always been a margin marker and passage under-liner. How do we know that the biblical writers were not writing history? Is the origin of the name Rebeun “Yahweh has seen” or “he will love me”? (Deut 18:1-8; 1 Sam 6:13-19; 2 Sam 6:6-7, etc. And they will stand before me to bring to me fat and blood so speaks the word of God, They will come to my Temple and they will come close to my table to serve me and they will guard my watch (interests) — Ezekiel. This was in fact a post-exilic debate among biblical scribes. The “covenant of Levi” could refer to almost any family of the priesthood: Levites in general, Aaronids, Zadokites. What is curious about this post-exilic text is that we know from other post-exilic texts (Priestly source, Chronicles, Ezra?) Does doing an ordinary day-to-day job account for good karma? Did God create the heavens and earth from the formless deep OR did Yahweh create them from the slaying of the primaeval sea monster Leviathan/Rahab? • and in Ezekiel 44:15; 48:11 the sons of Zadok are awarded the priesthood (also in the Dead Sea Scrolls). Ezekiel’s “Levites,” originally an adjective modifying “priests,” here is understood to refer to those who … 4x4 grid with no trominoes containing repeating colors, Asked to referee a paper on a topic that I think another group is working on. Does the action from Exodus 40 to Numbers 7 take place on one day OR not? Kabbalic analysis. First are the priests (who are certainly Zadokites), identified as the repentant ones who have abandoned the land of Judaea, probably referring here to Jerusalem. In Ant. How to use Zadokite in a sentence. What is the minimum age of service for Levites: 25 OR 30? I don’t think it’s that simple. New Living Translation This area is set aside for the ordained priests, the descendants of Zadok who served me faithfully and did not go astray with the people of Israel and the rest of the Levites. I am certainly learning a lot and enjoying it every step of the way. An Alternative View II. 26 Aug, 2011 Tithing – Are you really robbing God if you don’t? The Levites were able to approach the sacred furniture only when it was covered (Numbers 18:3). They are responsible for carrying this portable 7.5 ton cultic construction (see #217) during the alleged 40 years in the wilderness. Nowhere is the agenda, and polemic, of the Aaronid priestly guild and its text, the Priestly source, more apparent than in its treatment and depiction of its rivals, the Levites. There’s certainly a polemic and harsh criticism against the priests in Malachi, but it’s difficult to ascertain who is specifically being targeted, and who is doing the criticizing. I have not read anything on this yet. Though the name of the site is contradictionsinbible I think it is…. It is contended that לֵוִי, H4290, (Levi, Levite) was first an official name for a priest and then later came to be attached to a tribe. I just wanted to say thank y…. 1 Maccabees 7:5 says he wished to be high priest, and according to v. 14 he was a priest from Aaron's line. I have been all over your site reading articles today. By 'sons of Zadok' is meant those elect of Israel that have been designated by name and that shall go on functioning in the last days. I found this website only a few days ago and I must say the information here is truly amazing as well as mind boggling for me. Does Yahweh command sacrifices during the wilderness period OR not? One way that the D author eliminates the idea of Levites as mere assistants to the Aaronids is by claiming that the Levites weren’t even commissioned until after Aaron died, in direct contradiction to Numbers 3-4! . (Ex 40:1-17; Lev 8-9 vs Num 7). 6 (The Israelites journeyed from Beeroth-bene-jaakan to Moserah. the Sons of Zadok” has been broken apart in order to describe three separate groups. . And the people of Beth-shemesh were reaping the wheat harvest in the valley, and they lifted up their eyes and saw the ark, and rejoiced to see it. . As such, I have realized more and more that not only the CULT was completely false, but many parts of the Bible is too. I grew up in a Christian School/and Home, and I remember seeing some of the textual differences you elucidate here–and I often felt as if I was the only person…, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), #220. Do the Israelites travel from Hazeroth to Rithmah, #62. Contradiction #299. After king David's time the two sons of Zadok produced twenty four sons. You’ve compiled a remarkable amount of information here, and I think it can be helpful. What is the meaning of Deuteronomy 25:11-12? Not much is known with certainty of the Sadducees’ origin and early history, but their name may be derived from that of … So in E, the Levites are appointed priests at Horeb, and Aaron and his sons are certainly depicted as ineligible! Division [of] the priests and the Levites, and the musterings [פקודים, PeQOoDeeYM] -2. It is not clear when this situation changed. When it comes down to it, modern Christians ignorant of these things, are in reality the most abusive and dishonest “readers” of these ancient texts. Does Yahweh make an eternal covenant with the Aaronid priesthood via Phinehas OR with the Levitical priesthood in general OR with only the Zadokite line OR with the Davidic line OR with Jesus Christ via Melchizedek? Priestly perspectives and concerns are on display in various places, from legal materials to historical narratives and from the prayers of the Psalms to the discourses of the prophets. In the face of there being giants in the land, who encourages the people to have faith in Yahweh: Caleb alone OR Caleb and Joshua? I just don’t understand why haven’t we heard anything about this before? A bit much for sharing your knowledge on the issue - as seen here in # 7/./ # 40./ 45. 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Money off this site is amazing my mind is how we never noticed these things in our reading... Put to death OR suffer the curse of bareness were the Levites were Levites! Levites by applying rule of 2 Kgs 23:9 to them were intimately associated with the documentary hypothesis and all of!